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Boyko Bonev1 / Nadya Avramova1 / Krassimira Yaneva1 / Dimitar Filchev2
1Department of Dental Public Health, Medical University, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Sofia, Bulgaria
2Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Medical University, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Sofia, Bulgaria
Objective: The study aimed to establish the mean DMFT of adults over the age of 20 years in Bulgaria. We also aimed to determine any association between demographic factors, such as age, gender, general health status etc, and dental caries.
Material and Methods: The study was conducted from 2006 to 2009. Data was collected from a randomly chosen representative sample of 1741 adults aged over 20 years, from 13 Bulgarian cities and villages. From these 1741 adults, 105 (6.03%) refused to complete the questionnaire. A total of 1636 (93.97%) were included in the survey, of which 766 (47%) lived in villages and small towns and 870 (53%) in the capital city Sofia and other cities. The average age of the sample was 39.6 years. 894 (54.6%) were male and 742 (45.4%) were female. Each participant completed a questionnaire about demographic and socio-demographic status. Afterwards, a clinical examination was carried out. Chi-square and one-way ANOVA were used to test for statistical significance of qualitative variables (p<0.05).
Results: For the whole study sample, mean DMFT was 17.8 (SD 7.98). There was a statistically significant association between DMFT and age. Women had higher DMFT values (18.6 ± 7.66)) than men (15.2 ± 7.91). There was a link between DMFT and general health too. People with excellent general health had DMFT 11.5 (SD 6.39), whereas people with bad general health had DMFT 21.4 (SD 8.16).
Conclusion: Mean DMFT score of adults in Bulgaria is 17.76 teeth. There is an association between some demographic factors and DMFT. Women, people with bad general health and older people have higher values of DMFT and need more care from dental health services.
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Citation Information: Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine. Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 33–37, ISSN (Online) 2335-0245, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjdm-2015-0031, July 2015
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M. Petrovski1 / K. Ivanovski2 / A. Minovska1
1University “Gotse Delchev”, Faculty of Medical Sciences, studies of dental medicin, Shtip, FYROM
2University “St. Kiril and Methodius”, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral Pathology and Periodontology, Skopje, FYROM
Introduction. Poor oral health among elderly is most common dental problem nowadays, especially among the institutionalized persons.
Aim. To detect DMFT index among the institutionalized elderly.
Material and Method. Oral examination was made to make adequate evaluation. A total number of 70 subjects were evaluated. DMFT index has been detected only with dental mirror and probe, without using additional instruments and methods.
Results. Average value of DMFT index in our survey was 24.84 ± 4.56 (with Confidence interval from 23.77 to 25.89). M-component was dominant − 21.56 ± 7.79 (with Confidence interval from 15.74 to 23.38). D-component indicated by carious teeth and persistent roots had value 2.60 ± 3.54 (with Confidence interval from 1.77 to 3.42). Mean value of teeth with definitive fillings (F-component of DMFT index) was 0.34 ± 1.42 (with Confidence interval from 0.33 to 1.01).
Conclusion. DMFT index among the institutionalized elderly had one of the biggest values in the literature. M-component was dominant and indicator of the absence of many teeth. Therefore it is of great importance to prepare adequate protocol for oral health care among the institutionalized elderly.
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Citation Information: Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine. Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 21–25, ISSN (Online) 2335-0245, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjdm-2015-0029, July 2015