Tag Archives: DMFT

Dental Caries and Associated Socio-Demographic Factors in Adult People in Bulgaria

[btn url=”http://balkandentaljournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Dental-caries-and-associated-sociodemographic-factors-in-adult-people-in-Bulgaria.pdf” text_color=”#ffffff” bg_color=”#81d742″ icon=”fa-file-pdf-o” icon_position=”start” size=”14″ id=”” target=”NewWindow”]Download Article[/btn]

1 / Nadya Avramova1 / Krassimira Yaneva1 / Dimitar Filchev2

1Department of Dental Public Health, Medical University, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Sofia, Bulgaria
2Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Medical University, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Sofia, Bulgaria

Summary

Objective: The study aimed to establish the mean DMFT of adults over the age of 20 years in Bulgaria. We also aimed to determine any association between demographic factors, such as age, gender, general health status etc, and dental caries.

Material and Methods: The study was conducted from 2006 to 2009. Data was collected from a randomly chosen representative sample of 1741 adults aged over 20 years, from 13 Bulgarian cities and villages. From these 1741 adults, 105 (6.03%) refused to complete the questionnaire. A total of 1636 (93.97%) were included in the survey, of which 766 (47%) lived in villages and small towns and 870 (53%) in the capital city Sofia and other cities. The average age of the sample was 39.6 years. 894 (54.6%) were male and 742 (45.4%) were female. Each participant completed a questionnaire about demographic and socio-demographic status. Afterwards, a clinical examination was carried out. Chi-square and one-way ANOVA were used to test for statistical significance of qualitative variables (p<0.05).

Results: For the whole study sample, mean DMFT was 17.8 (SD 7.98). There was a statistically significant association between DMFT and age. Women had higher DMFT values (18.6 ± 7.66)) than men (15.2 ± 7.91). There was a link between DMFT and general health too. People with excellent general health had DMFT 11.5 (SD 6.39), whereas people with bad general health had DMFT 21.4 (SD 8.16).

Conclusion: Mean DMFT score of adults in Bulgaria is 17.76 teeth. There is an association between some demographic factors and DMFT. Women, people with bad general health and older people have higher values of DMFT and need more care from dental health services.

Keywords: DMFT; Dental Caries; Socio-Demographic Factors

References

  1. Marthaler TM, O’Mullane DM, Vrbic V. The prevalence of dental caries in Europe 1990-1995. Caries Res, 1996; 30:237-255.
  2. Petersson HG, Bratthall D. The caries decline: a review of reviews. Eur J Oral Sci, 1996; 104:436-443. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. Bjarnason S. High caries levels: problems still to be tackled. Acta Odontol Scand, 1998; 56:176-178. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Hugoson A, Koch G, Göthberg C, Helkimo AN, Lundin SA, Norderyd O, Sjödin B, Sondell K. Oral health of individuals aged 3-80 years in Jönköping, Sweden during 30 years (1973-2003). II. Review of clinical and radiographic findings. Swed Dent J, 2005; 29(4):139-155.
  5. Slade GD, Spencer AJ, Roberts-Thomson KF. Australia’s dental generations. The National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004-06; 2007:274.
  6. Madlen M, Hermann P, Jahn M, Fejerdy P. Caries prevalence and tooth loss in Hungarian adult population: results of a national survey. BMC Public Health, 2008; 8:364. [Crossref]
  7. Zabov. Dental caries prevalence among rural and urban population in Bulgaria. Zabolekarski pregled, 1926; №1 (in Bulgarian)
  8. Popov Y. Needs of dental treatment in PRB (People’s Republic of Bulgaria) population. PhD Thesis, Medical University Sofia, Bulgaria. 1973.
  9. Yaneva-Ribagina Kr. Prevalence of dental diseases and need of dental care among Bulgarian population. PhD Thesis. Medical University Sofia, Bulgaria. 1998.
  10. Gökalp S, Guciz Doğan B, M. Tekçiçek, Berberoǧu A, Ünlüer Ş. National survey of oral health status of children and adults in Turkey. Community DentalHealth, 2010; 27:12-17. [Web of Science] [PubMed]
  11. Shah N, Sundaram RK. Impact of socio-demographic variables, oral hygiene practices, oral habits and diet on dental caries experience of Indian elderly: a community-based study. Gerodontology, 2004; 21(1):43-50. [PubMed] [Crossref]
  12. Skudutyte R, Aleksejuniene J, Eriksen HM. Dental caries in adults. Acta Odontol Scand, 2000; 58:143-147. [PubMed] [Crossref]
  13. Petersen PE, Kaka M. Oral health status of children and adults in the Republic of Niger, Africa. Int Dent J, 1999; 49(3):159-164. [Crossref] [PubMed]
Citation Information: Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine. Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 33–37, ISSN (Online) 2335-0245, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjdm-2015-0031, July 2015

DMFT Index among Institutionalized Elderly

[btn url=”http://balkandentaljournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/DMFT-index-among-institutionalized-elderly.pdf” text_color=”#ffffff” bg_color=”#81d742″ icon=”fa-file-pdf-o” icon_position=”start” size=”14″ id=”” target=”NewWindow”]Download Article[/btn]

1 / K. Ivanovski2 / A. Minovska1

1University “Gotse Delchev”, Faculty of Medical Sciences, studies of dental medicin, Shtip, FYROM
2University “St. Kiril and Methodius”, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral Pathology and Periodontology, Skopje, FYROM

Summary

Introduction. Poor oral health among elderly is most common dental problem nowadays, especially among the institutionalized persons.

Aim. To detect DMFT index among the institutionalized elderly.

Material and Method. Oral examination was made to make adequate evaluation. A total number of 70 subjects were evaluated. DMFT index has been detected only with dental mirror and probe, without using additional instruments and methods.

Results. Average value of DMFT index in our survey was 24.84 ± 4.56 (with Confidence interval from 23.77 to 25.89). M-component was dominant − 21.56 ± 7.79 (with Confidence interval from 15.74 to 23.38). D-component indicated by carious teeth and persistent roots had value 2.60 ± 3.54 (with Confidence interval from 1.77 to 3.42). Mean value of teeth with definitive fillings (F-component of DMFT index) was 0.34 ± 1.42 (with Confidence interval from 0.33 to 1.01).

Conclusion. DMFT index among the institutionalized elderly had one of the biggest values in the literature. M-component was dominant and indicator of the absence of many teeth. Therefore it is of great importance to prepare adequate protocol for oral health care among the institutionalized elderly.

Keywords: Gerodontology; Institutionalized Elderly; DMFT Index

References

  1. Ahluwalia KP, Cheng B, Josephs PK, Lalla E, Lamster IB. Oral disease experience of older adults seeking oral health services. Gerodontology, 2010; 27(2):96-103. [PubMed] [Crossref] [Web of Science]
  2. Alian AY, McNally ME, Fure S, Birkhed D. Assessment of Caries Risk in Elderly Patients Using the Cariogram Model. J Can Dent Assoc, 2006; 72(5):459-463. [PubMed]
  3. Ambjøsrnsen E. Decayed, missing, and filled teeth among elderly people in a Norwegian municipality. Acta Odontol Scand, 1986; 44(2):123-130.[Crossref]
  4. Bourgeois D, Berger P, Hescot P, Leclercq MH, Doury J. Oral health status in 65-74 years old adults in France, 1995. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique, 1999; 47(1):55-59.
  5. Carter G, Lee M, McKelvey V, Sourial A, Halliwell R, Livingston M. Oral health status and oral treatment needs of dependent elderly people in Christchurch. NZMJ, 2004; 117(1194:1-10.
  6. Chalmers J, Hodge C, Fuss J, Spencer A, Carter K. The Prevalence and Experience of Oral Diseases in Adelaide Nursing Home Residents. Australian Dental Journal, 2002; 47:123-130. [PubMed] [Crossref]
  7. Comfort AO, King T, Moveni M, Tuisuva J. Dental health of Fiji institutionalized elderly (2003). Pac Health Dialog, 2004; 11(1):38-43.
  8. Cornejo M, Pérez G, Costa-de Lima K, Casals-Peidro E, Borrell C. Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in institutionalized elderly in Barcelona (Spain). Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal, 2013; 18(2):e285-292. [Crossref] [Web of Science]
  9. Daniel Gati, Alexandre Vieira. Elderly at Greater Risk for Root Caries: A Look at the Multifactorial Risks with Emphasis on Genetics Susceptibility. Int J Dent, 2011.
  10. Ergün Kunt G, Kökçü D, Ceylan G, Yilmaz N, Umut Güler A. Pulpal blood flow changes in abutment teeth of removable partial dentures. Bosn J Basic Med Sci, 2009; 9(4):296-300.
  11. Esmeriz CEC, Meneghim MC, Ambrosano GMB. Self-perception of oral health in non-institutionalised elderly of Piracicaba city, Brazil. Gerodontology, 2012; 29:e281-e289. [Web of Science] [Crossref]
  12. Gaiao LR, de Almeida MEL, FilhoGB, Leggat P, Heukelbach J. Poor Dental Status and Oral Hygiene Practices in Institutionalized Older People in Northeast Brazil. 2009; doi:10.1155/2009/846081 [Crossref]
  13. Glažar Irena. Procjena oralnog zdravlja štićenika ustanova za njegu starijih osoba, (Oral helath evaluation in the institutionalized elderly). PhD Thesis, Medical Faculty of Rijeka, Croatia. 2010.
  14. King T, Kapadia D. Oral health and treatment needs of institutionalised elderly and disadvantaged population of Figi (1997). Pacific Health Dialog, 2003; 10(1):35-40.
  15. Krasta I, Vidzis A, Brinkmane A, Cema I. Evaluation of Oral Therapeuthical and Surgical Treatment Needs among Retirement Age Population in Different Countries. Acta Chirurgica Latviensis, 2011; 11:125-129. [Crossref]
  16. Lo EC, Luo Y, Dyson JE. Oral health status of institutionalised elderly in Hong Kong. Community Dent Health, 2004; 21(3):224-226.
  17. Mason J, Peare MS, Walls AWG, Parker L, Steele JG. How do factors at different stages of the life course contribute to Oral-health-related quality of life in the middle age for men and women. J Oral Health, 2006; 12(2):125-131.
  18. Matovska Lj. Cariology. Sigmapres: Skopje, 2011; p 72. (in Macedonian)
  19. Milstein L, Rudolph MJ. Oral health status in an institutionalised elderly Jewish population. SADJ, 2000; 55(6):302-306.
  20. Petelin M, Cotič J, Perkič K, Pavlič A. Oral health of the elderly living in residential homes in Slovenia. Gerodontology, 2012; 29:e447–e457. [Crossref]
  21. Philip P, Rogers C, Kruger E, Tennant M. Caries experience of institutionalized elderly and its association with dementia and functional status. Int J Dent Hyg, 2012; 10(2):122-127. [Crossref] [PubMed] [Web of Science]
  22. Piuvezam G, de Lima KC. Factors associated with missing teeth in the Brazilian elderly institutionalised population. Gerodontology, 2013; 30(2):141-149.[Crossref] [Web of Science]
  23. Piuvezam G, de Lima KC. Self-perceived oral health status in institutionalized elderly in Brazil. Arch Gerontol Geriatr, 2012; 55(1):5-11. [PubMed][Crossref]
  24. Rao A, Sequeira P, Peter S, Rajeev A. Oral health status of the institutionalized elderly in Mangalore, India. Indian J Dent Res, 1999; 10(2):55-61.[PubMed]
  25. Rihs LB, da Silva DD, da Luz Rosário de Sousa M. Dental caries in an elderly population in Brazil. J Appl Oral Sci, 2009; 17(1). [Crossref] [Web of Science]
  26. Ruiz-Medina P, Bravo M, Gil-Montoya JA, Montero J. Discrimination of functional capacity for oral hygiene in elderly Spanish people by the Barthel General Index. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 2005; 33(5):363-369. [Crossref]
  27. Samnieng P, Ueno M, Shinada K, Zaitsu T, Wright FA, Kawaguchi Y. Association of hyposalivation with oral function, nutrition and oral health in community-dwelling elderly. Thai Community Dent Health, 2012; 29(1):117-123.
  28. Samson H, Strand GV, Haugejorden O. Change in oral health status among the institutionalized Norwegian elderly over a period of 16 years. Acta Odontol Scand, 2008; 66(6):368-373. [Web of Science] [Crossref]
  29. Simunković SK, Boras VV, Pandurić J, Zilić IA. Oral health among institutionalised elderly in Zagreb, Croatia. Gerodontology, 2005; 22(4):238-241.[PubMed] [Crossref]
  30. Steele JG, Sheiham A, Marcenes W, Fay N, Walls AW. Clinical and behavioural risk indicators for root caries in older people. Gerodontology, 2001; 18(2):95-101. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. Unluer S, Gokalp S, Doğan BG. Oral health status of the elderly in a residential home in Turkey. Gerodontology, 2007; 24:22-29. [Crossref]
  32. vanWyk GW, Farman AG, Staz J. Tooth survival in institutionalized elderly Cape Coloreds from the Cape Peninsula of South Africa. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 1977; 5:185-189. [Crossref]
  33. Vrbic V, Homan D, Zavrsnik B. Oral health in Slovenia, Yugoslavia. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 1991; 19(2):72-73. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. Vrbic V, Vulović M, Rajić Z, Topić B, Tatić E, Malić M, Milić D, Aurer-Kozelj J, Neceva L, Redzepagić S, et al. Oral health in SFR Yugoslavia in 1986.Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 1988; 16(5):286-288. [Crossref]
  35. Wyatt CCL. Long-term Care Hospitals. Part II: Dental Caries Status. J Can Dent Assoc, 2002; 68(6). [PubMed]
  36. Zusman SP, Ponizovsky AM, Dekel D, Masarwa AE, Ramon T, Natapov L, et al. An assessment of the dental health of chronic institutionalized patients with psychiatric disease in Israel. Spec Care Dentist, 2010; 30(1):18-22. [PubMed]
Citation Information: Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine. Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 21–25, ISSN (Online) 2335-0245, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjdm-2015-0029, July 2015