[btn url=”http://balkandentaljournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Clinical-Presentation-and-Management-of-Peripheral-Giant-Cell-Granulomas-in-Children.pdf” text_color=”#ffffff” bg_color=”#81d742″ icon=”fa-file-pdf-o” icon_position=”start” size=”14″ id=”” target=”NewWindow”]Download Article[/btn]
Anna Lefkelidou1 / Athanasios Poulopoulos2 / Elena-Lito Exarchou1 / Dimitrios Andreadis3 / Konstantinos Arapostathis1
1Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Dental School Department of Paediatric Dentistry
2Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Dental School Department of Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology Thessaloniki, 54124 Greece
3Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Dental School Department of Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology Thessaloniki, Greece
Objective(s): Peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a reactive, proliferative, exophytic lesion developing on the gingiva and alveolar ridge, originating from the periosteum or periodontal membrane. The lesion develops mostly in adults, commonly in the lower jaw, with slight female predilection although is uncommon in children.
Cases Report: Two boys, 11 and 8-years-old respectively, otherwise healthy, presented with gingival exophytic lesions in our clinic. In the first case the lesion was located in the right maxilla and appeared 4 months ago, whereas in the second case the fast growing lesion was located in the mandible and appeared 2 months ago. The lesions were red-blue enlargements, irregular and elliptical in shape respectively, soft to firm on palpation. Based on clinical examination, the initial diagnosis was assumed to be a type of reactive hyperplasia. OPG and CBCT showed no evidence of bone pathology. Blood, biochemical and hormonal investigations were within the normal values. Both lesions were surgically removed and histological examination established the diagnosis of PGCG. 4 consecutive follow ups have been done, with no evidence of recurrence.
Conclusion: This uncommon lesion in children should be included in the differential diagnosis of reactive hyperplasia. The treatment of PGCG comprises surgical resection, along with suppression of the underlying etiologic factors.
- Chaparro-Avendano AV, Berini-Aytes L, Gay-Escoda C. Peripheral giant cell granuloma. A report of five cases and review of the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal, 2005; 10:53-57.
- Bhat SS, Jayakrishnan A, Rao BH, Kudva S. Peripheral giant cell granuloma – a case report. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent, 1999; 17:93-96.
- Katsikeris N, Kakarantza-Angelopoulou E, Angelopoulos A. Peripheral giant cell granuloma: clinico-pathologic study of 224 new cases and 956 reported cases. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 1988; 17:94-99. [Crossref]
- Mighell AJ, Robinson PA, Hume WJ. Peripheral giant cell granuloma: a clinical study of 77 cases from 62 patients, and literature review. Oral Dis, 1995; 1:12-19.
- Wolfson L, Tal H. Peripheral giant cell granuloma during orthodontic treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop, 1989; 96:519-23 [Crossref]
- Shadman N, Ebrahimi SF, Jafari S, Eslami M. Peripheral giant cell granuloma: a review of 123 cases. Dental Research Journal, 2009; 6:47-50.
- Flaitz CM. Peripheral giant cell granuloma: a potentially aggressive lesion in children. Pediatr Dent, 2000; 22:232-233.
- Kfir Y, Buchner A, Hansen L. Reactive lesions of the gingiva. A clinico-pathological study of 741 cases. J Periodontol, 1980; 51:655-661. [Crossref]
- Giansanti JS, Waldron CA. Peripheral giant cell granuloma: review of 720 cases. J Oral Surg, 1969; 27:787-791.
- Motamedi MH, Eshghyar N, Jafari SM, Lassemi E, Navi F, Abbas FM, et al. Peripheral and central giant cell granulomas of the jaws: a demographic study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod, 2007; 103:e39-e43. [Web of Science] [Crossref]
- Buchner A, Shnaiderman-Shapiro A, Vered M. Pediatric Localized Reactive Gingival Lesions: A Retrospective Study from Israel. Pediatr Dent, 2010; 32:486-492.
- Sklavounou-Andrikopoulou A, Piperi E, Papanikolaou V, Karakoulakis I. Oral soft tissue lesions in Greek children and adolescents: A retrospective analysis over a 32-year period. J Clin Pediatr Dent, 2005; 29:175-178.
- Bodner L, Peist M, Gatot A, Fliss DM. Growth potential of peripheral giant cell granuloma. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod, 1997; 83:548-551. [Crossref]
- Zhang W, Chen Y, An Z, Geng N, Bao D. Reactive gingival lesions: a retrospective study of 2,439 cases. Quintessence Int, 2007; 38:103-110.
- Zarei MR, Chamani G, Amanpoor S. Reactive hyperplasia of the oral cavity in Kerman province, Iran: a review of 172 cases. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 2007; 45:288-292. [Web of Science]
- Salum FG, Yurgel LS, Cherubini K, De Figueiredo MA, Medeiros IC, Nicola FS. Pyogenic granuloma, peripheral giant cell granuloma and peripheral ossifying fibroma: retrospective analysis of 138 cases. Minerva Stomatol, 2008; 57:227-232.
- Bhaskar NS, Cutright DE, Beasley JD, Pérez B. Giant cell reparative granuloma (peripheral): report of 50 cases. J Oral Surg, 1971; 29:110-115.
- Lester R, Cordell K, Rosebush M, Palaiologou A, Maney P. Peripheral giant cell granulomas: a series of 279 cases. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol, 2014; 118:475-482.
Citation Information: Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine. Volume 20, Issue 1, Pages 44–48, ISSN (Online) 2335-0245, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjdm-2016-0007, April 2016