Oral Alterations in Diabetes Mellitus

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Smiljka Cicmil1, Irena Mladenović1, Jelena Krunić2, Dragan Ivanović3, Nikola Stojanović2

1 Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, University of East Sarajevo, Foča, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2 Department of Dental Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of East Sarajevo, Foča, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3 3Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of East Sarajevo, Foča, Bosnia and Herzegovina



Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases which continue to increase in number and significance. It presents the third most prevalent condition among medically compromised patients referring for dental treatment. Diabetes mellitus has been defined as a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Hyperglycemia leads to widespread multisystem damage which has an effect on oral tissue. The present article summarizes current knowledge regarding the association between diabetes mellitus and oral and dental health.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; Oral Disease; Oral Health



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Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine, Volume 22, Issue 1, Pages 7–14, ISSN (Online) 2335-0245,DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/bjdm-2018-0002