Management of Dens Invaginatus in a Maxillar Lateral Incisor with Open Apex and Persistent Sinus Tract: a Case Report

Funda Fundaoğlu Küçükekenci, Ahmet Serkan Küçükekenci
Faculty of Dentistry, OrduUniversity, Ordu, Turkey

Summary

Background/Aim: Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly of teeth. The endodontic treatment of these teeth may be difficult because of adversity in accessing the root canals and also complicated variations of internal structure. In this case, the report is presented the nonsurgical management and follow-up of a tooth with class II dens invaginatus with an open apex and sinus tract.

Case Report: In the radiographic examination, there are two root canals; a primary (main) canal and an invaginated canal. The main canal wide-open at the portal of exit and associated with a large chronic periapical lesion extending to the apex of the maxillary left central incisor. An invaginated canal was not reaching the apex. In a clinical examination, a sinus tract was detected in the labial gingiva. After apexification with using MTA was applied, the endodontic treatment was completed. In 12 month recall, a gray discoloration was detected and internal bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide was applied. Finally, the tooth was restored using composite resin. 12 months follow-up radiographs revealed resolution of periapical radiolucency, trabecular bone formation, and closure of the root apex with the totally asymptomatic tooth.

Conclusions: The case report shows that tooth with DI that has wide apex and sinus tract can be treated with non-surgical methods, such as immature tooth without anomalies.

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