Evaluation of Surface Treatment Methods on the Bond Strength of Zirconia Ceramics Systems, Resin Cements and Tooth Surface

Download Article

Emek Akkuş1 / 2

1Private Dentist, Istanbul, Turkey
2Marmara University, Faculty of Dentistry, Dept. of Prosthodontics

Summary

Objectives: To compare the effects of airborne-particle abrasion (APA) and tribochemical silica coating (TSC) surface treatment methods on the shear bond strength of zirconia ceramics systems, resin cements and tooth surface

Materials and Methods: Prefabricated Cercon and ZirkonZahn specimens treated with Al2O3 APA and TSC (Cojet, 3M ESPE) were luted on a dentin surface with Panavia F 2.0 (Kuraray, Japan) and Multilink Automix (Ivoclar Vivadent, Liechstein). The specimens were immersed in distilled water (37°C) for 30 days and then loaded in a universal test machine with a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Shear bond strength at failure was measured and recorded in N. The data were analysed by Mann-Whitney-U test (p<0.005) and by Chi-square test.

Results: It’s demonstrated that the surface treatment affected the bond strength of all specimens. The mean bond strength values of the 2 zirconia systems were nearly the same. Shear bond strength of Cercon specimens treated with Cojet System, luted with Panavia 2.0 (242, 77 ± 53, 17 N were found to be significantly higher (p=0.04) than the other specimens. Fractures were observed at the interface between the ceramic surface and the cements or within the cements.

Conclusion: There were no statically significant differences between zirconium systems (Cercon and Zirkonzahn). The specimens luted with Panavia F 2.0 showed higher shear bond strength values than the specimens luted with Multilink Automix. Panavia F 2.0 cement could be used with TSC, when the additive retention was needed.

Keywords: Resin Cements; Shear Bond Strength; Zirconia Systems; Tribochemical Silica Coating; Airborne-Particle Abrasion

References

  1. Andersson M, Oden A. A new all-ceramic crown – A densesintered, high purity alumina coping with porcelain. Acta Odontol Scand, 1993; 51:59-64.[Crossref]
  2. Aboushelib MN, Kleverlaan CJ, Feilzer AJ. Effect of Zirconia Type on Its Bond Strength with Different Veneer Ceramics. J Prosthodont, 2008; 17:401-408.[Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. Piconi C, Maccauro G. Zirconia as a ceramic biomaterial. Biomaterials, 1999; 20:1-25. [PubMed] [Crossref]
  4. Tinschert J, Natt G, Hassenpflug S, et al. Status of current CAD/CAM technology in dental medicine. Int J Comput Dent, 2004; 7:25-45. [PubMed]
  5. Reichert A, Herkommer D, Müller W. Copy milling of zirconia. Spectrum Dialogue, 2007; 6:40-56
  6. Phark JH, Duarte S, Blatz M, Sadan A. An in-vitro evaluation of the long term resin bond to a new densely sintered high-purity zirconium-oxide ceramic surface. J Prosthet Dent, 2009; 101:29-38. [Crossref] [Web of Science]
  7. Derand P, Derand T. Bond strength of luting cements to zirconium oxide ceramics. Int J Prosthodont, 2000; 13:131-135. [PubMed]
  8. Ozcan M, Vallittu PK. Effect of surface conditioning methods on the bond strength of luting cement to ceramics. Dent Mater, 2003; 19:725-731. [PubMed][Crossref]
  9. Blatz MB, Sadan A, Kern M. Resin ceramic bonding: a review of literature. J Prosthet Dent, 2003; 89:268-274. [PubMed] [Crossref]
  10. Kern M, Thompson Van P. Bonding to glass infiltrated alumina ceramics: Adhesive methods and their durability. J Prosthet Dent, 1995; 73:240-249.[PubMed] [Crossref]
  11. Ozcan M. The use of silica coating for different dental applications: A clinical report. J Prosthet Dent, 2002; 87:469-472. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. Valandro LF, Della Bona A, Bottino MA, Neisser MP. The effect of ceramic surface treatment on bonding to densely sintered alumina ceramic. J Prosthet Dent, 2005; 93:253-259. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. Ozcan M. A practical method for chairside repair of debonded porcelain denture teeth. J Prosthodont, 2006; 15(1):47-50. [PubMed] [Crossref]
  14. Oyagüe CR, Monticelli F, Toledano M, Osorio E, Ferrari M, Osorio R. Influence of surface treatments and resin cement selection on bonding to densely-sintered zirconiumoxide ceramic. Dent Mater, 2008; 25(2):172-179. [Crossref] [PubMed] [Web of Science]
  15. Valandro LF, Ozcan M, Bottino MC, Bottino MA, Scotti R, Bona AD. Bond strength of a resin cement to high-alumina and zirconia-reinforced ceramics: the effect of surface conditioning. J Adhes Dent, 2006; 8(3):175-181. [Web of Science] [PubMed]
  16. May LG, Passas SP, Capelli DB, Ozacan M, Bottino MA, Valandro LF. Effect of silica coating combined to a MDP-based primer on the resin bond to Y-TZP ceramic. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater, 2010; 95(2):69-74. [Crossref] [Web of Science]
  17. Atsu SS, Kılıçarslan MA, Küçükeşmen C, Aka S. Effect of zirconiumoxide ceramic surface treatments on the bond strength to adhesive resin. J Prosthet Dent, 2006; 95:430-436. [Crossref] [PubMed] [Web of Science]
  18. Blixt M, Adamczak E, Linden LA, Oden A, Arvidson K. Bonding to densely sintered alumina surfaces: effect of sandblasting and silica coating on shear bond strength of luting cements. Int J Prosthodont, 2000; 13:221-226. [PubMed]
  19. Blatz MB, Sadan A, Arch GH, Lang B. In vitro evaluation of long-term bonding of Procera AllCeram alumina restorations with a modified resin luting agent.J Prosthet Dent, 2003; 89:381-387. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. Blatz MB, Sadan A, Martin J, Lang B. In vitro evaluation of shear bond strengths of resin to densely-sintered high purity zirconium-oxide ceramic after long-term storage and thermal cycling. J Prosthet Dent, 2004; 91:356-362. [PubMed] [Crossref] [Web of Science]
  21. Cardoso PEC, Braga RR, Carrilho MRO. Evaluation of micro-tensile, shear and tensile tests determining the bond strength of three adhesive systems.Dent Mater, 1998; 14(6):394-398. [PubMed] [Crossref]
  22. Dundar M, Özcan M, Gökçe B, Çömlekoğlu E, Leite F, Valandro LF. Comparison of two bond strength testing methodologies for bilayered all-ceramics.Dent Mater, 2006; 23(5):630-636. [Web of Science] [PubMed] [Crossref]
  23. Tanumiharja M, Burrow MF, Tyas MJ. Microtensile bond strengths of seven dentin adhesive systems. Dent Mater, 2000; 16:180-187. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. Chaiyabutr Y, McGowan S, Phillips KM, Kois JC, Giordano RA. The effect of hydrofluoric acid surface treatment and bond strength of a zirconia veneering ceramic. J Prosthet Dent, 2008; 100:194-202. [PubMed] [Crossref] [Web of Science]
  25. Hikita K, Van Meerbeek B, De Munck J, Ikeda T, Van Landuyt K, Miada T, Lambrechts P, Peumans M. Bonding effectiveness of adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentin. Dent Mater, 2006; 23:71-80. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. Derand T, Molin M, Kvam K. Bond strength of composite luting cement to zirconia ceramic surfaces. Dental Mater, 2005; 21:1158-1162. [Crossref]
  27. Lüthy H, Loeffel O, Hammerle CH. Effect of thermocycling on bond strength of luting cements to zirconia ceramic. Dent Mater, 2006; 22:195-200.[PubMed] [Crossref]
  28. Borges GA, Sophr MA, Goes MF, Sobrinho LC, Chan CN. Effect of etching and airborne particle abrasion on the microstructure of different dental ceramics. J Prosthet Dent, 2003; 89:479-488. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. Ernst CP, Cohnen U, Stender E, Willershausen B. In vitro retentive strength of zirconium oxide ceramic crowns using different luting agents. J Prosthet Dent, 2005; 93:551-558. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. Wolfart M, Lehmann F, Wolfart F, Kern M. Durability of the resin bond strength to zirconia ceramic after using different surface conditioning methods.Dent Mater, 2006; 19:27-33. [Web of Science]
  31. Amaral R, Özcan M, Bottino MA, Valandro LF. Microtensile bond strength of a resin cement to glass infiltrated zirconia reinforced ceramic: The effect of surface conditioning. Dent Mater, 2006; 22(3):283-290. [PubMed] [Crossref]
  32. Filho AM, Vieira LC, Araujo E, Monteiro Junior S. Effect of different ceramic surface treatments on resin microtensile bond strength. J Prosthodont, 2004; 13(1):28-35. [PubMed] [Crossref]
  33. Lu YC, Tseng H, Shih YH, Lee SY. Effects of surface treatments on bond strength of glass-infiltrated ceramic. J Oral Rehab, 2001; 28:805-813.[Crossref]
  34. Burke FJ, Fleming GJ, Nathanson D, Marquis PM. Are adhesive technologies needed to support ceramics? An assessment of the current evidence. J Adhes Dent, 2002; 4:7-22. [PubMed]
  35. Madani M, Chu FCS, McDonald AV, Smales RJ. Effects of surface treatments on shear bond strength between a resin cement an alumina core. J Prosthet Dent, 2000; 83:644-647. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. Bottino MA, Valandro LF, Scotti R, Buso L. Effect of surface treatments on the resin bond to zirconium-based ceramic. Int J Prosthodont, 2005; 18:60-65. [PubMed]
  37. Mota CS, Demarco FF, Camacho GM, Powers JM. Tensile bond strength of four resin luting agents bonded to bovine enamel and dentin. J Prosthet Dent, 2003; 89:558-564. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. Dunn WJ, Söderholm KJ. Comparison of shear and flexural bond strength tests versus failure modes of dentin bonding systems. Am J Dent, 2001; 14(5):297-303. [PubMed]
Citation Information: Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine. Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 101–112, ISSN (Online) 2335-0245, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjdm-2015-0043, July 2015

COMMENTS