Efficacy of Subgingival Air Polishing in Patients with Aggressive Periodontitis

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1 / A. Bošnjak2 / R. Arbutina1 / Ž. Kojić1 / V. Veselinović1

1Medical Faculty, Department of Dentistry, Bulevar vojvode Petra Bojovića 2, Banja Luka,Bosnia and Herzegovina
2University of Rijeka, School of Medicine, Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology,Croatia

Summary

Background: Aggressive periodontitis is one of the most severe forms of periodontal disease, resulting in the destruction of junctional epithelium and alveolar bone around teeth in a very short period of time. The early diagnosis of aggressive periodontitis and timely therapy is of outmost importance in controlling the progress of the disease.

Application of the techniques of subgingival air polishing of periodontal pockets (pflow) with glycine powder has contributed to reduce damage to the root surface of the teeth and surrounding soft tissue.

Aim: The goal of this paper was to determine the effectiveness of two different types of subgingival air polishing therapy for the periodontal tissue status at the patients with aggressive periodontitis.

Methods and materials: the study included 46 patients of both sexes diagnosed with aggressive peridontitis. The patients were divided into two groups: test group (PFLOW), and control group (sonic SRP). The size of the destruction of periodontal tissue was estimated by CAL and assessment of oral hygiene and gingival inflammation was performed using FMPS and FMBS.

Results: Monitored indexes values in both groups were reduced.

Conclusion: Subgingival air polishing showed equally good results as the SRP, while pflow was more advantageous with respect to patients acceptability, time usability and safety for the soft tissue.

Keywords: Periodontal disease; Aggressive periodontitis; Therapeutic approach; Subgingival airpolishing

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Citation Information: Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine. Volume 20, Issue 3, Pages 149–154, ISSN (Online) 2335-0245, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjdm-2016-0024, November 2016

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