Caries Prevalence among 24 to 71-Month Old Children from Banja Luka

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1 / O. Dolic2 / S. Sukara2

1Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Banja Luka, Bulevar Vojvode Petra Bojovića 1a 78 000 Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry,  Faculty of Medicine, University of Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Summary

Background: Despite the availability of a variety of preventive and treatment modalities, caries in the early childhood remains a serious and prevalent disease worldwide.

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) among 24 to 71-month old children who attended the Center for preschool education Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. The whole sample included 297 children of both genders. Caries status of each child was recorded using the dmft index according to the WHO criteria.

Results: Two hundred ninety-seven children (138 girls and 159 boys) 24 to 71-month old were examined. The overall prevalence of dental caries was 64.65%. Only 23 (7.74%) children had their teeth restored.

Conclusions: ECC prevalence among 24 to 71-month old children who attended the Center for pre-school education in Banja Luka is very high, but the problem is even greater because most of those caries lesions are untreated.

Keywords: Preschool children; Early childhood caries; dmft index; Prevalence of dental caries

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Citation Information: Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine. Volume 20, Issue 3, Pages 168–171, ISSN (Online) 2335-0245, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjdm-2016-0027, November 2016

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