Aetiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Ankyloglossia

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Christina Charisi / Anna Koutrouli / Athina Moschou / Aristidis Arhakis

School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece


This review paper occupies with the frequency, etiology, diagnosis, treatment and the possible complications of Ankyloglossia (AG). AG is a congenital anomaly and its range varies from 0,1% to 4,8 %. There are several methods for the diagnosis of AG. The most popular method is the ‘’Hazelbaker’’, which assesses seven different tongue movements and five appearance characteristics. As far as the management of AG is concerned, there are two options, the ‘’wait-and-see’’ and the invasive procedure. The operator can choose between the frenotomy and the frenectomy. The difference is that in frenectomy the clinician removes the whole frenulum. Few complications have been mentioned, such as ulcers, pain, bleeding and noticeable scar, which were brought on to a second operation.

Keywords: Ankyloglossia; Breast Feeding; Frenectomy


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Citation Information:Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine, ISSN (Online) 2335-0245, DOI: Citation